Technical Assistance on National Capacity Development through Training on REDD+ as related to the implementation of REDD+ readiness activities.
The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) has developed a Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy. The CRGE vision aims to build a climate resilient green economy and to make the country carbon neutral by 2025. The Strategy identifies eight key sectors that play key roles in sustainable development including REDD+ ( Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, soils, livestock, energy, buildings and cities, industry, transport and health.
To achieve the GoE’s CRGE related goals on land use change and forestry, the GoE is implementing a National REDD+ Readiness Program with support from various partners, including the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).
The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) assists selected countries in their REDD+ efforts. It has the dual objectives of building capacity for REDD+ (the “Readiness Fund”), and testing a program of performance-based incentive payments in some pilot countries (the “Carbon Fund”). Assistance under the Readiness Fund includes support for: (i) developing a national reference scenario for REDD+; (ii) adopting a national socially and environmentally sound REDD+ strategy that would reduce emissions and at the same time conserve biodiversity, enhance the livelihoods of forest dependent peoples and other forest dwellers; (iii) setting up implementation management framework for the effective and efficient implementation of REDD+; and (iv) designing and implementing accurate measurements, monitoring and verification systems to enable countries to report on emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and carbon removals from afforestation/reforestation, and other carbon enhancement activities.
Capacity building, training, consultations and awareness creation to stakeholders are core elements of the readiness phase. Considering the large volume of work by the Secretariat, it is deemed necessary to outsource the training and capacity building activities of the readiness to competent firms or institutions. Accordingly, REDD+Secretariat is seeking firms or institutions that have the capacity and resources to undertake the necessary training programs for on REDD+ during the REDD+ Readiness. The purpose of this assignment is to provide technical assistance that will support the GoE to implement the REDD+ training and capacity building activities.
Scope and Tasks of the Technical Assistance required
The Government of Ethiopia and the World Bank seeks a qualified firm or institution to provide technical assistance (training) on REDD+, forestry and related issues. The competent firm or institution will be responsible to prepare technical training manuals on specific issues (as presented below), provide training of trainees (TOTs) on these issues and to design a strategy to reach stakeholders of all types and at all levels (government, non-government civic society experts, and communities. The trainings can be provided by the firm itself or in partnership with other competent firms.
The priority topics are presented as follows:
- Concept, application, the policy, technical, environmental and social aspects of REDD+ (examples of topics tobe covered are presented at the end of the ToR);
- Concept, practice and application of forest management;
- Concept, practice and application of Forest restoration (afforestation, reforestation, area closure, assisted natural regeneration, etc) in the context of REDD+ implementation; and
- Sustainable finance for forest protection and restoration (carbon finance, PES, etc)
- Other topics as may be necessary could be negotiated and provided to targeted stakeholders.
Deliverables of the assignment
The technical assistance is expected to deliver on the outcomes as outlined below.
- Four high quality technical training materials and power points prepared from these materials;
- Publication of the Technical Training Manuals (cost will be covered for the required number of copies);
- 200-300 Trained trainers in two years (costs for trainees to be covered by the College);
- A strategy to train targeted stakeholders from all stakeholders at all levels (region, woreda) with definitive budget and time line (trainers will be used to cascade the training to lower levels and horizontally to federal experts);
- Reports on the implementation of the ToTs and other related activities to the service.
Duration of the assignment
The overall assignment is expected to be finalized within three (2) years after contract signature. Quality of training will be assessed carefully every 6 months for further extension of the contract.
Services, Facilities and Materials to be provided
If selected, the firm or institution providing the technical assistance will develop and submit to the Government a Work Plan to cover the first six (6) months of implementation of the Technical Assistance. The Work Plan shall be updated on a semi-annual basis within the period of effectiveness of an Agreement.
The selected firm or institution will make available such qualified Experts and contract Consultants as are required, in their judgment, to carry out the Work Plan.The REDD+ Secretariat at the Ministry of Environment and Forest (MEF)will provide counterpart personnel to work with the firm and provide required financial resources for the service, cost of publications and make available the documents that will help implement the capacity building (ToTs) on REDD+ and related issues.
Supervision and reporting
The firm or institution will be under the direct oversight of the National REDD+ Coordinator, working in close collaboration with the REDD+ Secretariat and also the relevant directorates of MEF. The selected firm or institution will submit to the Government the reports specified, in the numbers and within the time periods to be specified. In addition, the firm or institution will furnish to the Government a narrative programmatic report summarizing the activities carried out; identifying any problems in implementation; and assessing the results achieved against the agreed objectives. Other key deliverables include technical manuals/power pints, trained experts with certificates, and cascading strategy for reaching out to experts at lower levels.
TOT participants, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Hawassa University
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|6||Yassin Ibrahim||Somali||LCRDB||0915004116||Yassin004116@ gmail.com|
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– Ato Habetamu Taddese –WGCF
-ATo Zerihun Aserat- WGCFNRfirstname.lastname@example.org/gmail.com-0916125050
-Dr. Yemeru Tesfaye– WGCFNRemail@example.com
-Dr. Solomon Zewdie-REDD+Ethiopia Secretariat-091113072267
-Dr. Tefera Mengestu-WGCF
– Ato Genene Asefa-WGCF
-Ato Zerihun- firstname.lastname@example.org
– Ato Zenebe Girmay – email@example.com
-Ato Abera Tilahun -firstname.lastname@example.org- 0913283558
– Ato Getachew Abebe–Getaabe@gmail.com- 0920443055
-Ato – EyobeTadesse- WGCF
-Ato – Beyeneseboka ,MoA-guest
-DR. Mariya Brockhaus – email@example.com
1. Forest carbon stock assessment Manual
Nowadays, there is a growing demand for reliable information on forest and tree carbon stock at both country and global levels. This implies that monitoring the state and changes of forests carbon pools is an important element. Therefore, measuring and estimating carbon stocks and changes in carbon stocks in various pools are very important to carbon trading and marketing. This requires transparent and verifiable methods, quantification of uncertainties and appropriate monitoring systems for carbon stocks. Carbon stock assessment is one of the important step to start with sustainable land use planning in relation to low carbon emission. The change in carbon stock with the dynamics of land use changes may result into either carbon emission or sequestration. This chapter outlines the different carbon pools and the concepts of carbon accounting. It can be used for field practitioners but requires further details on design and measurement protocols.
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2. Forest Fire Manual
History of Forest Fire Risk in Ethiopia
One important task for forest management is the protection of the forest resource base. Out of many sources of attacks against the forest, fire is often the most dangerous. This danger is also a real threat for the people living inside or adjacent to the forest area. Each year thousands of people lose their homes due to wildfires, and hundreds of people die in these accidents; additionally tens of thousands of domestic animals perish. Fire destroys agricultural crops and leads to soil erosion, which in the long run is even more disastrous than the accidents described before. When the soil is barren after the fire, and heavy rains soak the soil, huge mud- or landslides can occur. If it is according to (Jurvélius, Mike, 2011); it is estimated that every year:
- 10 to 15 million hectares of boreal or temperate forest burn.
- 20 to 40 million hectares of tropical rain forest burn.
- 500 to 1,000 million hectares of tropical and subtropical savannahs, woodlands and open forests burn.
More than 90% of all this burning is caused by human activity. Therefore, it is quite clear that fire prevention and control should receive top priority among forest management activities. Following similar scenario in Ethiopia, historical evidence indicates that high forests of Ethiopia remain victims of war, conflict and forest fires. Yodit/Gudit (849-897 A.C.) ordered her army and the local people to set fire to forests stretching from Tigray to Gonder and Wello in suspected hiding grounds for the soldiers of Emperor Dilnaad. Similarly, Grange Mohamed (1527-1542 A.C.) ordered his troops to clear and burn all the forests stretching from the eastern lowlands to the central highlands to make access to battlefields easier and to destroy strategic hiding grounds of the soldiers of Emperor Libne Dingil and clergies (Wolde Selassie, 1998). Whatever the causes may be, fires in different parts of Ethiopia damage every year large areas of forests. Despite the country’s long time experience in using fires, there are no available statistics on the causes, risks and extent of damage caused by forest fires.
Prior to the forest fires in 2000, the last major outbreak was in 1984 when the fires damaged approximately 308,200 ha of forests (George and Mutch, 2001). After almost three months of large scale wildfires that consumed over 300,000 ha natural forests, Ethiopia is still not prepared and does not give adequate attention to efficiently protect its last natural forest resources (Dechassa Lemessa, 2001).
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3. Forest Inventory & Management Manual
Protection and rational utilization of natural resources become more and more important in order to meet the increasing demand for raw wood material and agricultural crops. Among the resources, forests are important not only as a source of wood but as the means of protecting the hills thereby regulating stream flow, and reducing the rate of soil erosion, among many others. Maximum advantages and benefits from forests can only be secured provided that the existing forests are properly managed. Sound forest management depends on the quantity and quality of information available on the forest. Basic data and information is required if a renewable natural resource such as forest is to be managed in a reasonable and sustainable manner. This information is obtained from forest inventories. Forest inventory is described/defined in different forms by different authors, but essentially with more or less the same meaning.
Forest inventory: is the activity of data collection that helps generating the required information base on the forest resource within an area of interest. Forest inventory: is a tool that provides the information about size and shape of the area as well as qualitative and/or quantitative information of the growing stock.
Forest inventory: is the tabulated, reliable and satisfactory tree information, related to the required units of assessment in hierarchical order. It is an attempt to describe quantity, quality, and diameter distribution of forest trees and many characteristics of land upon which trees are growing.
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4. GIS Manual
Many government, state, and private forestry organizations and agencies today utilize geospatial technology such as GIS (geographic information systems), GPS (global positioning systems) and remote sensing for supporting analysis, assessment, and management of our forests. Forestry organizations and agencies have a unique and critical role in the nation’s governance. They serve in public land management, private land regulation, and wildfire management. While their significance is growing due to these roles and the increasing impact of forestry on other matters of societal importance, the nation’s state forestry organizations should be among the most technology users of any agency. In many countries of the world, several state foresters have indicated that geospatial technology is an invaluable resource whenever they need to understand, communicate, and make effective decisions about conditions on the ground. Forestry has long been and will likely always be a worldwide societal concern with issues that require appropriate attention by government policy makers, such as meeting the demand for forest resources while ensuring conservation and preservation. The emerging global warming and climate change situations are real problems that attract attention of the global community.
These problems are believed to be combated with sustainable forest resources management and development. Geospatial technology aids foresters in the acquisition of the data that is necessary to further research, manage, and recover present and future conditions of the global forests. These technologies are applied in:
_ Forest inventory (i.e. assessing the type and extent of forest resources)
_ Forest harvesting (to study wood procurement problems, to assess the current competition for pulp wood and locate supply sources, geographic distribution of stand development types and changes over time to model timber harvesting, wood supply and wildlife habitat, in design of logging roads, forest monitoring and forest land allocation)
_ Forest fire modelling (using data layers of fuels, topography, weather, structures, water availability and route access)
_ Forest ecology
_ Mapping forest types
_ Detection of forest changes
_ Study of forest succession
_ Assessment of stand structure
_ Assessment of physiological parameters
_ Assessment of forest productivity
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5. Non –Timber Forest Products manual
This manual is intended to present overviews on the basic concepts in NTFPs, the resource potential in Ethiopia, and thereby appreciate the roles of NTFPs-based forest management for satisfying both development goals and environmental services. It can also serve as an entry point to create a platform and set directions for strengthening collaborations towards ensuring development of NTFPs for SFM and REDD+ projects, with an overall implications to sustainable development. It is also believed that this material can serve as an entry point for further endeavors by providing baseline information highlighting the need to focus on the sector, and bringing it to the attention of development practitioners.
This manual was developed based on two days short-term training offered to participants from MoA and REDD+ focal persons. The Training was held in Wondo Genet, between 26 and 27 November, 2013 with the theme “Integrating NTFPs with SFM and REDD+”.
Information included in this material are generated mainly through extensive literature review. Besides, users might need to further enrich the knowledge base by searching other related references.
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