The advanced draft Benefit Sharing Plan (BSP) for Ethiopia’s Oromia National Regional State Forested Landscape Programis prepared in anticipation of benefits coming as a result of verified emission reduction (ER) to be generated in the whole of Oromia Regional State (jurisdiction) due to interventions of enabling environment (policy and institutions, incentives, information and environmental and social safeguards), and enabling investments (integrated land use planning, sustainable forest management/participatory forest management, afforestation and reforestation), leading to reducing emission from deforestation and forest degradation, and enhancement forest carbon stock. It is designed through consultative, inclusive and participatory approach involving all potential beneficiaries at all levels: federal, regional, woreda (district) and Kebele (village) level. Eligibility for benefits was determined transparently using agreed upon criteria mainly on the basis of roles and responsibilities potential beneficiaries would have and contribution made to attain ER. Identified eligible beneficiaries include, national and regional government program entities; regional sector implementing agencies and their subordinates at local level (woreda level), community (forest management cooperatives, kebele forest/farming communities, vulnerable groups within kebeles) and the private sector.
The advanced draft BSP describes types of benefits, gross and net benefits, eligible beneficiaries and the two tier modality for benefit allocation: vertical and horizontal allocations. Furthermore, it describes the criteria used and mathematical models adopted to calculate share of benefits at zonal, woreda kebele and private sector levels. In addition, it elaborates the fund flow mechanism, institutional arrangement and monitoring for fund flow. It also covers on potential use of ER fund by each beneficiary and environment and social compliance of socio -economic community/private investment sector projects financed by ER fund.